1. How much land is being utilised by Lake Turkana Wind Power Ltd?

The land used for the project is leased by LTWP from Marsabit County for a term of 33 years with an option to extend twice up to 99 years. The entire concession area is 150,000 acres, representing less than 1% of Marsabit County. However, the actual project site required for the wind power project is 40,000 acres. LTWP’s facilities occupy less than 87.5 acres of the 40,000 acres that make up the project site.


Only 0.2% of the site is occupied by physical structures. LTWP’s permanent structures include 365 wind turbines, a substation and workers’ accommodation.


The remaining land, representing 99.8% of the project site, is open to the public and continues to be used by the local nomadic population for settlement, grazing of livestock, and access to water points. Moreover, the C-77 public road passes through the project site, from the southern end to the northwest end.


The project site is not fenced. However, there are two fenced areas, which are (i) the substation, for health and safety purposes; and; (ii) the workers’ accommodation, for security reasons.

2. How are the communities around Lake Turkana Wind Power project benefiting from the Project

One of the largest benefits to the communities around the LTWP wind power project has been the upgrading of  208km of the C77 public road from Laisamis to Sarima at a cost of USD 30 million. The road has reduced travel times from Loiyangalani to Laisamis, and allows easier access to Lake Turkana. The drive from Sarima to Laisamis now takes less than 3 hours compared to about 7 hours before the road was upgraded. Moreover, the rehabilitation of the road has also greatly improved access to markets, health centers and education facilities in the wider area.


LTWP, through its Winds of Change Foundation (WoC), has implemented community initiatives aimed at uplifting the socio-economic welfare of communities in Laisamis Constituency (an area of approximately 12,000km²).  (See question 3)


The project provided employment for more than 2,500 community members during construction. See question 7 for further information.

3. What is Winds of Change Foundation and how is this linked to LTWP?

LTWP has set up the Winds of Change Foundation (WoC) to carry out its social investment activities in the wider project area. WoC aims to catalyze positive sustainable development to enhance livelihoods in the areas surrounding the wind farm.


The current focus of WoC is on enhancing employability through education and vocational training, enhancing access to health services, supporting access to water, and other community activities. During operations WoC will also work towards supporting livelihoods activities.


WoC became active in June 2015 and has since invested over Euro 1.4 million in about 60  community projects together with its partners to date. More information about WoC can be found here .


A short video about WoC and its activities can be accessed via the following link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PJ_5FlDLnu8


4. What projects has LTWP undertaken with communities in the area?

WoC works in partnership with the county government, local leaders, NGOs, CBOs and government departments in implementing negotiated activities to ensure optimal stakeholder engagement, participation and ownership.


An overview of some of the projects undertaken by WoC can be found here .


5. How does LTWP share the Project’s benefits?

LTWP has three main methods through which benefits are shared with the community. These are:


  • Allocating a minimum of Euro 500,000 (currently ksh. 56 million) per annum from its revenues to its Winds of Change Foundation (WoC), to be used­ for community initiatives in the wider project area. This commitment will start once the wind farm is operational;


  •  Distribution of LTWP’s taxes revenue, amounting to millions of shillings, by the national government for development projects at the county government level.  The national government is responsible for the collection of tax revenues and distribution to the county.; and


  •  Transferring some of its revenues from the carbon credits earned by the project to the Government of Kenya (GoK). GoK will then ensure that the funds accruing from the carbon credits will be applied to benefit the communities living near the wind farm and along the power transmission line, namely the counties of Marsabit, Samburu, Laikipia, Nyandarua and Nakuru.


The benefits described above are in addition to the activities  already undertaken by LTWP through WoC during the construction phase.

6. Are the local communities going to benefit from the electricity that will be generated from this power project?

Yes, communities that are connected to the national grid will benefit from the electricity generated by LTWP. The electricity generated by the wind turbines will go into the national grid. Then  the national power distributor, Kenya Power & Lighting Company in conjunction with the Rural Electrification Authority,  distributes power under its rural electrification mandate.


Under the Energy Act, power generation and power distribution by the same company is not possible.  LTWP only has a license to generate power not for distribution.


Electricity access is a key catalyst for economic development. Increasing access to electricity in Kenya is a goal of the Government. LTWP would like neighbouring communities to be able to access electricity, and is committed to working with the Government and Marsabit County to explore possible avenues to realize this in the future.

7. How many people have been employed on the Project?

LTWP set up two dedicated employment offices, one in Kurungu in September 2014 prior to construction activities commencing, and one in Loiyangalani in June 2015.  Their main purpose was to ensure equitable distribution of employment among the communities in the project area. Since construction activities started in October 2014, the Project has employed more than 2,500 people to date. About 75% of the workers came from Laisamis Constituency.


Now that construction has largely been completed, the total number of project construction employees has naturally decreased. As of 31 March 2017 when all the 365 wind turbines were installed, the Project employed 911 people, of whom 81% were local.


It is estimated that approximately 250 people will be employed during the operations phase of the Project, of whom roughly 75% will be local. The proportion of local employees is expected to increase during the operations phase of the Project.




8. What should I do if I would like to be employed by the Project?

The construction phase of the Project has been completed, thus there are fewer jobs available than during construction. Going forward the operational jobs that will be available will require specific skills.

LTWP website and  locally by our 15 Community Liaison Officers.

Those interested in applying for

The construction phase of the Project has been completed, thus there are fewer jobs available than during construction. Going forward the operational jobs that will be available will require specific skills.


Vacancies are advertised  locally by our 15 Community Liaison Officers.

Those interested in applying for a job on the Project can contact us at:


Lake Turkana Wind Power Ltd

P.O Box 2114, 00502





9. How does LTWP recognize human rights issues?

LTWP is committed to ensuring that the development and operation of the Lake Turkana wind farm has minimal negative impact on the communities within the Project’s footprint, and especially on those communities that may be defined as vulnerable, marginalized or indigenous.


LTWP treats all individuals and communities, irrespective of ethnic or social origin, definition or categorization, with respect and without discrimination. LTWP believes that this non-discriminatory approach has fostered an environment where there is less inter-tribal conflict among the communities.


Throughout the Project’s lifecycle LTWP commits to informing the affected communities about the Project, sharing  their views, and obtaining  broad community support. LTWP will continue to ensure that consultations are conducted in good faith; are culturally appropriate; gender sensitive; voluntary, free of interference and non-manipulative.


All contractors and employees on the wind farm site adhere to Lake Turkana Wind Power’s environmental and social standards, including in relation to human rights and community engagement.


LTWP’s main contractors, under supervision of LTWP, undertake monthly auditing of their subcontractors on labour related aspects that could become human rights issues, such as payroll, accommodation, working conditions and health and safety.


LTWP  is  audited on a quarterly basis by an external party on behalf of  the Project’s Lenders.


LTWP has developed and implemented environmental and social policies and management plans, including : LTWP’s overarching Environmental and Social Policies; Community Health and Safety Management Plan; Labour Management Plan; Stakeholder Engagement Plan; Temporary Accommodation Management Plan; Village Management Plan; Biodiversity and Conservation Management Plan; Cultural Heritage Chance Finds Procedures; Occupational Health and Safety Management Plan; Security Management Plans and Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan, amongst others. These policies and plans will be updated for the operations phase.

10. Who should we contact in case of grievances?

The project has a grievance mechanism that deals with grievances submitted by stakeholders, be it local community members or other interested/affected parties.


Any individual or group can contact one of the Project’s 15 Community Liaison Officers (CLO), who will then proceed to register and investigate the complaint. Our CLOs are based in the wider project area and their contacts have been widely distributed.


If you do not have the contact details of one of our CLOs, then you can get in touch with us using our dedicated grievances’ email address:



11. Where can I get more information about the Project?

LTWP have a dedicated project website, which can be accessed via the following link: https://www.ltwp.co.ke


Videos about the project can be accessed on YouTube through the following link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJxQ6X9uZWGhHG9XanVqZWQ




+254 (0)20 221 3493



Lake Turkana Wind Power Ltd
P.O Box 2114 - 00502
Karen, Nairobi

Copyright © Lake Turkana Wind Power 2017. All Rights Reserved



This pillar focuses on access to education and development of skills for the labor market. In 2015, WoC provided books and pens to 18 primary schools. WOC also distributed 500 desks to 23 primary in South Horr, Arge, Mercy, Namarei, El Molo bay and other parts of Laisamis constituency.


WoC has identified the extension of Sarima School, the construction of facilities at Nyiro boys and Nyiro Girls School as key focus areas for the education pillar in 2016. WoC will also continue to support the provision of teaching materials to local primary schools.


WoC is in discussions with the Marsabit South Technical Institute to determine the nature and type of investments it can make to support development of vocational skills in Laisamis. This is expected to boost tertiary education as well as enhance future employability in the area. This project will be launched during the operational phase of the wind farm.


WoC is also planning to set up a scholarship fund for secondary and vocational education in the area.




The expansive but sparsely populated project area, coupled with years of under-investment in the sector has resulted in limited access to health services by the local communities. WoC support to health focusses on enhancing access to health services by upgrading physical infrastructure and during operation of the windfarm, partnering with stakeholders to support targeted outreach programs.


WoC has supported the improvement of health facilities at Burri-Aramia dispensary (solar lighting, vaccine freezer, shelving for medical supplies and furniture including examination ward and delivery beds and patient toilets among other items.)


WoC has also contracted a local organization – Community Empowerment Development Initiative Marsabit (CEDIM) to undertake HIV/AIDS sensitization campaigns. CEDIM has trained 17 Community Health Workers (CHWs) and attached them to existing government run health facilities to sensitize and educate the local population on matters around HIV/AIDS. In2015, WoC carried out a three-month HIV/AIDS awareness and testing campaign in around the wind farm site.


In future, WoC plans to support Marsabit County in the upgrading of facilities at Laisamis health centre and other health centres in the area.




Due to the arid nature of Marsabit, water is a scarce commodity. LTWP has spearheaded the rehabilitation of several water boreholes and water supply points. The water points that have been rehabilitated include; Arge, Laga el fereji, Namarei, Kutider-Korr, Gatab III and El Molo.


WoC has installed a solar driven reverse osmosis system in Sarima village. In addition, WoC has built watering troughs in different parts of the constituency, to ease provision of water to livestock. There were no reported livestock deaths due to droughts in 2015 following construction of watering troughs in the dry season grazing area around Gatab.


WoC has also installed solar driven pumps to rehabilitated boreholes that had pump problems. On completion of the LTWP’s construction phase, 11 boreholes will be handed over to the community.


In 2016 WoC plans to build a 100,000 litre storage tank at Gatab III to ensure that there is adequate supply of water to the community and their livestock during periods of drought. WoC will also lay a 7-km water pipeline in Arge, to bring potable water to two villages of over 3,000 people in Arge.




WoC has rolled out a road safety campaign along the recently upgraded C77 public road between Laisamis and Sarima. CEDIM is the local partner implementing this activity, and they have already recruited and trained 12 people from centers and villages along the Laisamis-Sarima road to act as road safety educators.


In support of peaceful and secure communities, WoC has built accommodation for the Administration Police and extended the existing Police office in Loiyangalani.