The Lake Turkana Wind Power project is located in Loiyangalani District, Marsabit County, Kenya. It is sited 600km from Nairobi, and takes 12 hours to drive to.
On a closer view, the Project is located between the foot slopes of Mt Kulal and the south-eastern end of Lake Turkana. The area has unique geographical conditions in which daily temperature fluctuations generate strong predictable wind streams between the Lake Turkana (with relatively constant temperature) and the desert hinterland (with steep temperature fluctuations). The project area covers a valley between Mt Kulal and Mt. Nyiro that effectively acts as a funnel in which the wind streams are accelerated to high speeds.
The actual project site required for the wind power project is 40,000 acres, on which LTWP’s facilities occupy less than 87.5 acres. LTWP’s permanent structures include 365 wind turbines, a substation and workers’ accommodation.
The remaining land, representing 99.8% of the project site, is open to the public and continues to be used by the local nomadic population for settlement, grazing of livestock, and access to water points. Moreover, the C-77 public road passes through the project site, from the southern end to the northwest end.
The project site is not fenced. However, there are two fenced areas, which are (i) the substation, for health and safety purposes; and; (ii) the workers’ accommodation, for security reasons.